Brakes are one of the most important components of a vehicle. Without these features, the speed of the car or motorcycle cannot be slowed down. The way car brakes work is quite simple. The canvas will be affixed to the disc that rotates with the wheel. The tighter the canvas sticks, the slower the vehicle speed will be. In the past, activating brake pads were done mechanically, using a lever. The brakes of this model car are commonly referred to as drums. Then, later developed into disc brakes. Different from drums, disc brakes use a special fluid to press the lining against the disc. This fluid is known as brake fluid.
Just like engine lubricants, car brake fluid also has a service life. The difference is, engine oil must be changed every few months. Meanwhile, the brake fluid must be drained and filled with a new one within two years. If this is not done, then things can happen that are not desirable. For example, brakes become less grippy, and white bubbles appear in the brake fluid reservoir. Foam can appear because car brake fluid has the property of absorbing moisture. As a result, the boiling point will decrease. When the brakes are used optimally, the heat generated from the friction of the lining will be absorbed by the oil. As the boiling point decreases, the brake fluid can heat up and cause white bubbles. If that happens, it will interfere with its performance.
In addition to engine oil, the fluid that needs to be replaced regularly in-car safety devices is car brake fluid. It is recommended to replace it according to the service manual of the dealer. Brake fluid is made from synthetic materials which are acidic. Brakes work by converting motion energy into heat energy. So that the temperature of the brakes while working, can reach 200 degrees Celsius. With temperatures, this high, special fluids are needed that are more heat resistant, such as brake fluid.
According to the owner of a repair shop in Central Jakarta who did not want to be named, the replacement of car brake fluid is generally done at intervals of two years or at 40,000 kilometers of use. Once every 40 thousand kilometers. If you count the time, it's about two years. But back again, it depends on the brake fluid. If it's cheap, it's already gone a year. The more water content, the boiling point will continue to decrease.
Currently, basically, there are three types of brakes that are popular and commonly used in conventional vehicles.
Extracted from the official Toyota website, this type of car brake is used on older vehicles, such as classic cars and motorcycles. But over time, this type of brake was developed with a hydraulic system driven by lubricating pressure. The way drum brakes work refers to the friction between the brake pads attached to the brake shoes (brake pads) and the drum (drum brakes) which rotate due to the movement of the brake pads. The advantage of drum brakes is that they are able to work optimally even if the vehicle is carrying heavy loads.
These brakes actually drum brakes with the help of hydraulics driven by air pressure, so they are popularly called air brakes. These brakes are usually used for heavy vehicles, such as trucks and buses. Currently, the development of air brakes has become so sophisticated, that this type of brake is almost impossible to fail.
This is the most popular type of brake for modern era vehicles, both cars, and motorcycles. In principle, these brakes are divided into three components, namely discs, calipers, and brake pads. The way it works is simple, as explained by auto.howstuffworks.com, this car brake works optimally by coordinating the movement of the brake linings and calipers that are driven by lubricating (oil) pressure. When the brake lever is pulled on a motorcycle or pressed on a car, the oil pressure will move the calipers to force the brake pads against the rotating disc.